What is the 22 yard in cricket?
A cricket pitch is the central strip of the cricket field between the wickets. The pitch is chain or yards (m) long and feet (m) wide. The surface is very flat and normally covered with extremely short grass though this grass is soon removed by wear at the ends of the pitch.
In amateur matches, artificial pitches are commonly used. These can be a slab of concrete, overlaid with a coir mat, artificial turf, some times dirt is put over the coir mat to provide an authentic feeling pitch. Artificial pitches are rare in professional cricket—only being used when exhibition matches are played in regions where cricket is not a common sport.
The pitch has very specific markings delineating the creases, as specified by the Laws of Cricket.
The word wicket is often used to refer to the pitch. Although technically incorrect according the Laws of Cricket (Law covers the pitch and Law the wickets, distinguishing between them), cricket players, followers, and commentators persist in the usage, with context eliminating any possible ambiguity. Track is yet another synonym for pitch.
The rectangular central area of the field that is used for pitches is known as the square.
In the sport of cricket, the crease is the area demarcated by white lines painted or chalked on the field of play.
The term crease is also used to refer to the lines themselves (but only the back edge of the line, i.e. the edge nearest to the wicket at that end, as this is the actual crease), particularly the popping crease. Law of the Laws of Cricket governs the size and position of the crease markings.
Four creases (one popping crease, one bowling crease, and two return creases) are drawn at each end of the pitch, around the two sets of stumps. The batsmen generally play in and run between the areas defined by the creases at each end of the pitch.